Ergonomic kitchens are designed with efficiency in mind. Your layout and organization should lessen fatigue by limiting bending, overextending, kneeling, and wasted steps. One of the most well-known ergonomic principles is the kitchen work triangle, or the space between your three major worksites: the refrigerator, the cooktop, and the sink. Ideally, each leg of the triangle should measure between four and nine feet, and the paths should be free of obstacles. The triangle works with almost any kitchen layout, and it allows you to move freely between sites without feeling cramped or worn-out.
Countertops are another concern in kitchen ergonomics. As a general rule, counters should be at or slightly below elbow height. You may consider installing your counters at varying heights to accommodate different family members and guests. Additionally, your countertops should act as separators for your fridge, cooktop, and sink, providing plenty of cooking
Ease of access is a fundamental aspect of ergonomics. Your most-used kitchen equipment should be placed in the cabinets and drawers closest to countertop level, and those items that you rarely use should be consigned to the very top or bottom of the cabinet space. Ergonomists recommend replacing cabinet doors with drawers; that way, you spend less time crouching and reaching past miscellaneous items to find what you need. Organizational tools like lazy Susans and multitiered storage racks will save you from grasping for spices in the top cabinet. And if you’re constantly bending over to retrieve your veggies from the crisper drawer, you may want to invest in a bottom-freezer refrigerator, which would raise the level of your produce drawers.