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For most athletes, a bit of wear and tear is unavoidable. For those who play sports, shoulder injuries are a common occurrence, and should be taken seriously.
Below are a few of the most common sports-related shoulder injuries.
Rotator Cuff Strain The four muscles that stabilize the shoulder joint are referred to as the rotator cuff. A tear or strain in any of the four muscles causes a rotator cuff strain. The muscles are important to arm rotation and lifting and can be damaged by powerful, quick movements. Symptoms: pain, stiffness, and general weakness
Dislocated Shoulder A dislocated shoulder occurs when the humerus bone (the long bone in the upper arm) pops out of the shoulder joint. Damage to various nearby ligaments and tendons can also result. Symptoms: deformity, swelling, discoloration, inability to move, numbness, pain, weakness, tingling near the injury, muscle spasms in the shoulder
Glenoid Labrum Tear This type of tear occurs in the fibrous ring of tissue covering the inside of the socket which holds the ball of the humerus bone. Symptoms: pain (usually with overhead activities); catching, locking, popping, or grinding
Broken Collar Bone The clavicle bone runs across the front of the shoulder to the breast bone or sternum. Falling onto the shoulder or outstretched arm can result in a broken collar bone. Symptoms: pain that increases with movement, swelling, tenderness, bruising, bulge on or near shoulder, grinding or cracking sound when you try to move, stiffness or inability to move shoulder
Frozen Shoulder Extreme shoulder stiffness is referred to as “frozen shoulder.” It can occur when scar tissue from a previous injury affects joint movement, reducing flexibility. For athletes with possible shoulder injuries, getting them checked out properly is an important step in both healing the injury, and avoiding frozen shoulder in the future. Symptoms: pain, limited range of motion, stiffness