Stimulating Gum and Bone Healing
Advancements in Periodontal Health
Growth factors promote cell regeneration for accelerated healing from periodontal procedures.
What are Growth Factors?
Growth factors are naturally occurring proteins that bind to the cells in your body and stimulate growth, healing, and repopulation. They act as communicators, signaling cells to repair themselves and others around them. While growth factors are naturally present in our cells, levels decline as we age, making healing slower and more difficult. Fortunately, advancements in technology now allow physicians to generate new growth factors from a patient’s own blood or pull them from other sources like animals and plants. Additionally, different growth factors can be produced to treat a multitude of issues. For instance, they can be used to help blood clot, fight infection, carry oxygen, and more.
Growth Factors in Periodontics
While growth factors can be used to treat a number of different conditions and diseases – everything from aging skin to cancer – they can be especially useful in repairing jawbone structure and gum tissue around teeth following a dental surgery. After a periodontal procedure, such as a tooth extraction or dental implant placement, the new growth factors are applied to the wound site so cell regeneration and healing can begin in both the bone and surrounding tissues.
Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PGDF), and Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) are just a few of many growth factor options your periodontist will consider when evaluating the best treatment plan for you.
Where Do Periodontal Growth Factors Come From?
For use in periodontics, growth factors can come from medically-engineered products or even the patient’s own blood. His or her blood will be drawn prior to the procedure and then mixed in a centrifuge machine that can separate the blood into layers. The thicker layer, which is rich with growth factors and platelets, can be extracted and reintroduced into the bone graft material to stimulate bone growth. The thin, yellow layer, the plasma, is used to advance the cell regeneration needed to repair and reconnect the gum tissue.
Benefits of Periodontal Growth Factors
The benefits of using growth factors in periodontal repair are extensive. Other than accelerated healing speed, growth factors also lower the risk of infection and other complications following surgery. They provide more predictable results, reduce pain, and leave patients feeling better, faster.